نوع المقالة : مقالة بحثيّة (علميّة محكّمة)
1 طالبة الدکتوراه في قسم اللغة العربية وآدابها، جامعة الزهراء، طهران، إيران
2 أستاذة، قسم اللغة العربية وآدابها، جامعة الزهراء، طهران، إيران.
عنوان المقالة [English]
The verbal verbs theory is one of the most important theories in linguistic philosophy that John Austen laid the foundations, stressing that when we utter a sentence, we do three verbs: the verb and the verb included in the articulation and the influential verb. And deeds divided them into verdicts, executives, promises, crosses and expressions, and the latter indicates the speaker's will to express his psychological feelings and components sincerely.
This research studies the wishful thinking method (as a model) in the light of expressive verbal actions based on the descriptive-analytical method, in order to realize the extent of verbal realization of wishful thinking. The importance of research and its necessity lies in revealing the emotional emotions of people and how to express them through the wishful thinking method, and the availability of conditions of convenience in verifying verbal action. The most important finding of the research is that the conditions of relevance were not completed by Austin and Searle because they lack the conditions of time and space, just as the condition of sincerity may be fulfilled in expressive verbal action and may not be fulfilled, as it is not a necessary condition in expressions. As for wishful thinking in the noble Qur’an, it relates with the attitudes of the world to the believers and others, and its accomplishment strength manifests itself in showing repentance, remorse, and bewilderment at the missed opportunity, restraint and forgiveness, fear of strife and denial, eagerness and regret, as it is available in the positions of the resurrection, to express the psychological emotions of the unjust and infidels; they witnessed the horrors of the resurrection and the fire of hell, which led them to fear and terror, and to show remorse affecting the addressees, to get rid of the painful reality. The conditions of suitability were met in many places, but the conditions of time and space were not met in all situations, which led to the failure of verbal actions.
الکلمات المفتاحيّة [English]